Twelve-year-old Nur Hafes would rather be in school or playing football with friends at home in Myanmar.
Instead, he waits by the road in Palong Khali refugee camp in southern Bangladesh, looking for visitors who might give him money for his family.
United Nations officials have described the military's actions in Myanmar's northern Rakhine state as "ethnic cleansing", an accusation the Southeast Asian nation denies.
The family left their home in Tharay Kone Yoe Dan village in Rakhine's Maungdaw township when the violence started.
Writing by Karishma Singh and Tom Hogue