On a warm November afternoon, Parul Haldar balanced precariously on the bow of a small wooden dinghy, pulling in a long net flecked with fish from the swirling brown river.
Just behind her loomed the dense forest of the Sundarbans, where some 10,000 square km of tidal mangroves straddle India's northeastern coastline and western Bangladesh and open into the Bay of Bengal.
Four years ago, her husband disappeared on a fishing trip deep inside the forest. Two fishermen with him saw his body being dragged into the undergrowth - one of a rising number of humans killed by tigers as they venture into the wild.
Left: Namita Mondal, 32, whose husband died due to a tiger attack, sits by her home on the island of Satjelia. Right: Trousers belonging to Manoj Mondal that were recovered after Mondal was attacked by a tiger.
According to the Sundarban Tiger Reserve's director, Tapas Das, five people have been killed by tigers in India's Sundarbans since April.
Local media, which closely follow such attacks, have reported up to 21 deaths last year, from 13 both in 2018 and 2019. Many attacks are not recorded, as families are reluctant to report them since it is illegal to go far into the forests.
"The number of reported cases of human wildlife conflict and fatalities are certainly alarming," said Anamitra Anurag Danda, a Senior Visiting Fellow with the Observer Research Foundation think-tank.
A new factor behind the increase has been the coronavirus pandemic, which trapped tens of thousands of people like the Mondal family on the Sundarbans when they would normally be earning money as labourers elsewhere in India.
The youngest of three brothers, Haripada Mondal, like others in his area, dropped out of school early to find work.
Most years he would leave the Sundarbans to work as an agricultural labourer in southern India and on construction sites near the eastern city of Kolkata, his brother-in-law Kamalesh Mondal said.
He grew a crop of paddy on a leased plot behind his small mud house, where he lived with wife Ashtami and a 9-year-old son.
"Life was okay," said Ashtami, 29. "We made ends meet."
Mondal, the sole breadwinner, returned home from a construction job in mid-March, his family said, days before India's government announced a nationwide lockdown to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
The lockdown halted much of the country's economy, stalling the informal sector that supports most migrant workers and sending millions back home, including to the Sundarbans.
For months, Mondal sat at home without work as savings dwindled until, desperate for money, he decided to go fishing on the rivers encircling Kumirmari, Ashtami said.
"He said he would go nearby to fish and make 50-100 rupees to help with household expenses," she said. He left home before dawn, rowed into the forests and was killed.
"If there was no lockdown or no coronavirus, he would have left here to work."
PHOTO EDITING MARIKA KOCHIASHVILI; TEXT EDITING Mike Collett-White; LAYOUT JULIA DALRYMPLE