Vibrant Cape Verdean culture draws people to Lisbon outskirt

Vibrant Cape Verdean culture draws people to Lisbon outskirt


Just a 20-minute drive from downtown Lisbon lies Cova da Moura, one of Portugal's poorest and most neglected neighbourhoods, but whose immigrants from Cape Verde are transforming the area's image.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Women make balls with corn flour during the celebration of Santa Catarina which is one of the most important religious celebrations in Cape Verde and in Cova da Moura too. Every year locals attend a church service and take over the streets to celebrate the saint.

Long considered a no-go area by Lisbon residents, Cova Da Moura is a warren of small streets where Cape Verdeans make up two-thirds of the 6,000 residents. They celebrate their home, a tiny archipelago off Africa's west coast, with music, food and street art - which tourists increasingly want to experience.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Cabral at his father's house.

"Sometimes the only thing people know about Cova da Moura is the negative side," said Paulo Cabral, 36, who was born locally to Cape Verdean parents. "But that isn't the whole truth."

Sitting metres away from the tiny room where he grew up, Cabral, who now organises tours of Cova da Moura, said contact with its people helps change perceptions.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
A dog stands in a window.

He jokingly calls Cova da Moura a "more developed area" of Cape Verde.

"When you visit once you keep on coming back."

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Lisbon is seen from Cova da Moura neighbourhood.

His tours cost 5 euros per person, and are most popular with tourists to Portugal, particularly from Germany. A typical Cape Verdean lunch on the tour costs 7.50 euros.

Cova da Moura's simple brick and concrete dwellings stretch across 16 hectares of hills on the outskirts of the capital.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante

Left: A boy rides a bicycle.
Right: A man checks his phone.

The area remains notorious within Portugal for its crime rate and a trial over alleged police brutality. Seventeen officers at a local police station have been charged with torture, kidnapping, falsifying reports and other crimes.

Police declined to comment as the trial is ongoing.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Fortes plays guitar at Coqueiro.

Of an evening, Cova da Moura is alive with African beats and melodies. One of the musicians is Francisco Fortes. A bricklayer by day, the 56-year-old's true passion emerges when he takes the stage at Coqueiro, one of the dozens of restaurants serving traditional food, to sing 'morna' ballads.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Dulce Fernandes came to Portugal in 2000. "I moved to Portugal to seek a better life, there were no jobs in Cape Verde. I have four children, without a father. I'm a strong woman," she said. Like many other residents in Cova da Moura, Dulce collects Catholic saints. "I always have a smile on my face even though I'm sick," she said.

Made famous by Cape Verde's singing legend Cesaria Evora, 'morna' is a musical mainstay here. The more upbeat 'funana' and 'batuque' styles, which will feature in pop star Madonna's upcoming album, are also popular.

Madonna has had a home in Portugal since 2017.

"Living in Cova da Moura is just like living in Cape Verde," Fortes said as he ate a richly-flavoured 'cachupa' stew.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
A cat stands next to a graffiti wall.

In the streets, some named after Cape Verdean islands, graffiti paintings honour the country's heroes, such as Amilcar Cabral, who fought against Portuguese colonial rule.

Now retired, 75-year-old Evaristo Marques, who was born in Cape Verde's capital Praia, doesn't see himself living anywhere else. "People can say whatever they want about Cova da Moura but I will only leave this place when I'm dead," he said.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Benvinda Mendes, 73, locally known as Totta, was born in the Cape Verdean island of Santa Catarina. There she was a construction worker. In the 1980s she moved to Portugal seeking a better life. Now, she runs a family restaurant and dances the traditional 'batuque', a music and dance genre she learned with her late mother.

People like Evaristo started settling in Cova Moura in the 1960s, but it was only in 1974, when the "Carnation Revolution" ended Portugal's dictatorship, that the neighbourhood became a hub for migrants coming from the former colonies in Africa.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Residents attend a procession during the celebration of Santa Catarina

Migrants built illegal sheds and basic infrastructure, but there was no running water, sewage or electricity. Now sturdy two- or three-storey houses have replaced wooden shacks and the muddy streets have been paved. Poverty is still visible, with most residents employed as construction and domestic workers.

. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
Idrissa Mane, 44, works at his sewing workshop. "All materials come from Africa," he said.

A 2017 United Nations report found that those from former colonies living in Portugal are among the poorest and are deprived in terms of access to adequate housing.

"People may be poor here but they have big hearts and preserving culture is part of who we are."
Paulo Cabral
. Lisbon, Portugal. Reuters/Rafael Marchante
A postbox.