To fill her days and keep her mind occupied, university student Hawa sits by the window in her Kabul home and pores over a book.
Like hundreds of thousands of other Afghan girls and young women, the 20-year-old Russian literature undergraduate has not been allowed to return to her studies since the Taliban seized power in mid-August.
And like many of her peers, she is feeling a mixture of frustration and anger that her aspirations to study and work are being thwarted.
When her younger brother and sister return from school each day, Sahar helps with their homework.
"They ... come home and do their homework, talk about their classmates and their studies. But I feel sad inside that I can't go to school myself."
Her sister Hadia, who is 10, has noticed that some of her former teachers and classmates are no longer around - she assumes they were among thousands of Afghans who fled Kabul in the chaotic weeks that followed the Taliban's conquest.
Even at her age, she recognises the difficulties ahead.
"I'm in the 4th grade. I want to be a doctor, but if in two years' time I am not allowed to continue my studies like my sister, I won't be able to fulfil my dream," said Hadia. "That already scares me."
(Photo editing Gabrielle Fonseca Johnson; writing and text editing Mike Collett-White; layout Kezia Levitas)